This reflects both convergent and divergent interests in the region, but it is also emblematic of more enduring changes underway in the…, As the COVID-19 pandemic and ensuing recession are transforming the global security landscape, the Gulf region finds itself in a particularly vulnerable situation. It will be complex, intense and offer our adversaries many advantages. Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. If you’ve picked up the Flashpoint expansion, there’s even a few of these to tackle. CIVIC is participating in Ireland-led state and NGO consultations on a Draft Political Declaration on Strengthening the Protection of Civilians from Humanitarian Harm arising from the use of Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas. The focus of the rapporteur is on implications for NATO Allies and NATO as an organisation, on the promises that emerging technologies will provide as well as the challenges these technologies are likely to pose for NATO forces. “Russia maintains a lot of commonalities. The result is a U.S. military, and Urban Warfare Conference Programme. This STC special report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Science and Technology Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. The Future of Urban Warfare in the Age of Megacities Focus stratégique, No. This STC General report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Science and Technology Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. These trends must be considered in the military sphere, matched with advances in our adversaries’ capabilities and operational concepts, and superimposed over a U.S. military that has been engaged in a non-stop state of all-consuming counter-insurgency warfare for the last 15-plus years. This aligns with previous research to the same effect, in particular a report published in the U.S. Army War College Quarterly, Parameters: “The Case for Megacities.” The authors make the case that, “The Army m… This report provides a short, general overview of the threats that NATO forces are likely to face in urban warfare and how technology can help NATO Allies meet these challenges. About 1 ½ years later, on 27 December 2019,…, The Black Sea region is at once alive with economic potential and imperilled by division, rivalry and conflict ¬¬¬– all with implications for the international system as a whole. Military planners and fiction writers are thinking deeply about the future of urban warfare and are postulating what it might look like. Urban warfare has a catastrophic impact on civilian populations and poses serious legal and operational challenges. Already today an estimated 55% of the world’s population live in urban areas. The sheer economics of creating the high-tech force of 2025 will preclude us from having the large numbers required to conduct urban warfare the old-fashioned way. In recent years, cities like Aleppo, Sana’a, and Mosul have suffered siege warfare, aerial and artillery bombardments, and heavy street fighting. 2020 - REPORT - URBAN WARFARE. As such, the report focuses on technological trends that will, or already do, have an impact on urban combat operations. Armed actors hide themselves among civilian populations, exposing civilians to increasingly … The situation is likely to continue as population growth, climate change and competition over natural resources, and sectarian and religious tensions will alter the international security environment, and certainly challenge NATO Allies. To date, NATO has coordinated well over 350 missions to…, Clear messaging from policy declarations and actions signal Moscow is doing its best to assert Russia’s power in a multipolar world. Global urbanization trends and patterns of armed conflict, however, suggest that future conflicts will increasingly take place in cities. Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities. Urban warfare has a catastrophic impact on civilian populations and poses serious legal and operational challenges. We work with local communities to support their self-protection strategies and raise their protection concerns with governments and armed actors. Another crucial element is dramatic reform of the reserves and civil defense units, creating urban and guerrilla warfare units. The delegation consisted of 30 members of parliament from 17 NATO…, From 15 to 19 October, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Science and Technology Committee (STC) visited San Diego and Silicon Valley. This collection of essays is about contemporary trends in war and warfare, and how they will shape the actions of belligerents in future conflicts. Increasing Russian national levers of power will permit Russia to counterbalance US power in the Euro-Atlantic and beyond. That doesn’t have to be the case, however. Urban conflict will likely continue to be a prominent characteristic of 21 st century warfare. The Internet of Things (IoT) has rightly been a technology buzzword for several years: it has the potential to disrupt…, Visual Identity Guide / Guide de l'identité visuelle, The Secretary General and the International Secretariat, Chronological list of Assembly Presidents, Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security, Mediterranean and Middle East Special Group, Rose-Roth Seminars & Parliamentary Training Porgrammes, 040 STCTTTS 20 E rev 2 fin - REPORT - URBAN WARFARE_0.pdf. 88, March 2019 Urbanization is a relentless trend, and as cities grow and expand, armed conflict and violence are urbanizing as well. course of urban warfare in the future. Urbanization is a relentless trend, and as cities grow and expand, armed conflict and violence are urbanizing as well. The consensus on increasing population densities and future urbanisation trends demand that urban operations receive more attention in the design of future forces than currently afforded. Across their fleet, they utilise two calibres, 125mm for tanks and 30mm for IFVs. Download the conference programme. Concrete Hell: Urban Warfare from Stalingrad to Iraq. However such technologies can also hide terrorist activities…, From 9-12 January, 32 members of parliament from 15 NATO member countries visited Abu Dhabi to discuss the broad geopolitical situation in the Gulf, the foreign and defence policy of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and to participate in a…, 5 June 2018 - Members of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA) Sub-Committee on Democratic Governance (CDSCG) and Sub-Committee on Technology Trends and Security (STCTTS) paid a visit to Norway from 7 to 9 May 2018. Philippe MICHEL-KLEISBAUER (France) 20 October 2020. Using its expanding…, The relationship between NATO and the European Union (EU) – arguably the two most powerful multilateral bodies in modern history – is a recurring theme in international political debates, not only in Europe but also in NATO. These developments have raised awareness in Allied capitals for the need to prepare NATO forces for urban combat. The Rapporteur reviews…, The strength of encryption today has had a positive effect for groups which need protection from governments or law enforcement, for example whistle blowers or journalists operating in repressive countries. The use of explosive weapons with wide area effect often cause irreparable damage to essential services (water, electricity, sanitation, and hospitals), with enduring impacts on civilians’ health, safety, and well-being. © 2019 Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC), CIVIC is also a member of the Steering Committee for the International Network on Explosive Weapons (INEW). NATO forces have already been involved in urban combat in Iraq, Afghanistan, and other places and provided support to partner countries in urban combat operations. The traditional approach to urban operations lacks the ability to gain information and knowledge regarding enemy locations, movements and status in an urban environment. The need to engage enemies embedded in urban combat zones, megacities (metropolitan areas with more than 10 million inhabitants) and other populated regions is a challenge that is set to become increasingly prevalent for security forces around the world. Oxford: Osprey, 2012. 4 Future Threats to U.S. Airpower in Urban Warfare 45–61; 5 Combatant Identification in Urban Warfare 62–72; 6 Biotechnology Trends Relevant to Warfare Initiatives 73–82; 7 Findings and Recommendations 83–86; Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members 87–96; Appendix B Presentations to the Committee 97–98 Pandemics, however, are not as rare as many have thought. This special report firstly examines the link between repressive policies and the aggravation of the health crisis. Cities across the globe are expanding at unprecedented rates and this urban population boom is triggering a variety of social, political, economic, environmental and security challenges for local and national governments. The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has descended into turmoil since 2010/2011 – a  period that also coincided with…, Report Title: The Internet of Things: Promises and Perils of a Disruptive TechnologyRapporteur: Matej TONIN (Slovenia)Year: 2017 In cities — where 55 percent of the world’s population currently resides — civilians account for 90 percent of the casualties during war. According to the 2016 United Nations World Cities report, two-thirds of the global population will live in cities by 2050 (Konaev and Spencer, 2018). The trends of rapid population growth and urbanization in the less developed countries of the world have increased political instability to a tipping point in many spots around the globe. CIVIC also contributes to multilateral forums led by NATO, ICRC, Austria, Ireland, and OCHA, to highlight challenges and share good practices on civilian protection in urban war. As large cities grow increasingly influential, it is reasonable to assume that we may find ourselves operating in severely restricted urban terrain. Lizzy Lowe, Macquarie ... We need a more sustainable way to deal with urban insect pests. Indeed, there have been four major pandemics over the last 120 years when flu…. Armed actors are not trained or equipped to fight in urban areas, thus heightening the risk to civilians and civilian objects. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), https://civiliansinconflict.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Sahr-Urban-Warfare-Captioned-Final.mp4. While, like today, soldiers will continue to be the most important element of urban operations, we must radically change the way they fight. Heavily focused on tactical and operational approaches to urban warfare. As part of this renewed focus, 13 members of parliament from eight Allied states and two…, Report Title: Maintaining NATO’s Technology Edge: Strategic Adaptation and Defence Research & DevelopmentRapporteur: Thomas MARINO (United States) Year: 2017 Urban fighting will be extreme. [...], In the almost two decades since the end of the large-scale use of force to change the territorial political reality in the Western Balkans, much has been accomplished. STC Chairperson Maria Martens (Netherlands) led the delegation, consisting of 19 members of parliament from 15 Allied countries.…, Over the last two years, the Science and Technology Committee (STC) has focused extensively on technological risks and opportunities and on how NATO must adapt to an era of rapid technological change. Urban Warfare: Past, Present, Future. As every sphere of human society is becoming increasingly more…. Their efforts are driven by some key trends that are expected to shape urban environments in the future, including: More people are set to live in urban environments than ever before. Therefore, the ability to conduct urban operations will be indispensable. The continuing instability on NATO’s southern and south-eastern flanks and the trend towards urbanisation make it likely that the urban environment will be a relevant factor in many future conflicts involving NATO forces. These components can be employed separately, sequentially or simultaneously. The speed and the scale of the virus’ global spread have been…, As 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the unanimous adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), this draft general report takes stock of the progress achieved in advancing the implementation of the resolution in the…, “A global pandemic is not a question of if, but when and how bad”. By speaking with civilians in conflict-affected areas, we see first-hand the challenges of urban war. E-mail Citation » A comprehensive look at urban warfare from World War II through the US-Iraq War. Urbanisation is one of the most prevalent global trends of the 21st century. Science and Technology Committee (STC) noted its worry “that NATO’s technological edge is eroding”. The Changing Character of Warfare: The Urban Operational Environment This is a new pamphlet, dated 9 April 2020. o This is a new publication intended to describe the future urban operational environment the This week we have another discussion on urban warfare. Armoured vehicle commonality is not widespread amongst NATO nations. Already today, more than half of the world’s violent armed conflicts are taking place in cities, affecting some 50 million people (ICRC, June 2017). This week we are talking about ‘Future war in cities: Urbanization’s challenge to strategic studies in the 21st century‘ by Michael Evans.It’s available here.. In cities — where 55 percent of the world’s population currently resides — civilians … Two years ago, the Modern War Institute's John Spencer wrote an article titled "A Soldier's Urban Warfare Christmas Wish List." The region’s volatile security environment was already of significant concern to the Allies and the…, The contemporary global liberal order, established in the aftermath of World War II, and the values of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and rule of law that underpin it have formed the foundation of the Alliance since its creation. Given the Alliance’s democratic nature and…, The Gulf, like other parts of the Middle East, is both a source of friction and cooperation between Europe and the United States. Most…, This report argues that Russia’s meddling in elections and referenda is a threat to the Alliance and its members. It continues to contribute to the fight that will lead to its ultimate defeat. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Your rapporteur also outlines some of the challenges Allies…, Informing and educating the public about NATO, its structures, operations, objectives and the threats it protects the Euro-Atlantic populations from are essential to ensure understanding of and support for the organisation. In January 2017, the U.S. National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends report acknowledged steady urbanisation and human migration to cities as an emerging security challenge. Please consider investing now and help build a future free of civilian harm. In 2018, the House Armed Services Committee’s Subcommittee on Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities supported the creation of a dedicated urban combat training school. Its conclusions have implications for the force design of Western militaries and signposts the adaptations that will need to be undertaken to meet the challenges of the next decade. It is an area united by an important waterway that links the littoral countries and…, This special report provides a brief overview of the challenges that the Alliance is facing on the defence innovation front and how member nations and NATO as an organisation have begun to tackle the issue. Future threats to U.S. airpower in urban warfare owe much to two factors—the trend toward globalization in aerospace and electronics, coupled with what has been observed to be the best way to defeat U.S. airpower: that is, not necessarily the head-to-head, platform-to-platform approach of the Cold War, but rather the exploitation of asymmetries. 100 civilians die in conflict every day. According to the 2016 United Nations World Cities report, two-thirds of the global population will live in cities by 2050 (Konaev and Spencer, 2018). From urban riots and endemic urban violence in India and Pakistan to the ISIS … As the Department of Defense moves to implement its AI strategy, both civilian and military decision-makers should therefore explicitly address the role of AI in urban warfare. Understood in…, [...] Today, NATO’s DCB initiative is an integral part of the core of NATO’s cooperative security outreach with partners. Urban warfare: Conflict has been moving to populated areas at a frightening pace. In Urban Warfare, Rolnik charts how the financialisation of housing has become a global crisis, as home ownership and private property become the sole model of social advancement around the world. Standardisation and commonality are key for overmatch, consequently, overmatch is partly gone explains Foss. Reasonable to assume that we may find ourselves operating in severely restricted terrain! Case, however, are not trained or equipped to fight in urban terrain argues! 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